Lichenoid keratosis is a benign brown or reddish colored graze on the skin. It occurs as a result of exposing the skin to too much sunlight under little or no protection. It is commonly seen as a red-looking spot on major parts of the upper body, like the face, head, neck, chest etc, and other inner parts of the body. A typical lesion will develop within three months. The early coloration of the lesion is brown, but it may change to violet as the growth progresses. It is unevenly scattered on the skin and has a resemblance with a skin disease known as photokeratoses. Although, Lichenoid keratosis is common among Caucasians of ages 30-80, lower occurrences are also noticed among other ethnicities. It is prevalent among females than males. It is usually at the frequency of 76% female to 36% male. The affected people are usually those that have had regular time of staying under the sun with little or no protection.
The appearance of the spot affected is used for diagnosing Lichenoid keratosis. The method of diagnosis used is called dermoscopy. A biopsy is also conducted on the affected cells in the area to determine the analysis and also to remove any further appearance of the disorder. Keratosis symptoms include the lesions and itching or mild stinging. The spot of the lesion looks scaly and the size varies in sizes. People having this skin disorder can remove the lesion in three major ways; by surgical removal, Liquid nitrogen curettage and topical creams.
Keratosis can be removed surgically by laser surgery. The surgery procedure involves the application of local anesthetic and then the cell carcinoma is detached from the spot, after which a biopsy is conducted on the cells removed to ensure that they are not cancerous.
The second way to treat Lichenoid Keratosis is by using liquid nitrogen and curettage. The process involves freezing the lesion using liquid nitrogen and then detaching it by scraping it with a surgical instrument known as curette. After detaching the cell from the body, it will then be examined to determine the existence or cause of the skin disorder.
The last method involves the use of relevant creams and balms prescribed by doctors. Creams that are usually prescribed for keratosis includes: Tretinoin, Imiquimod and some other common creams that has corticosteroid as an active ingredient.
People affected with Lichenoid keratosis should consult their doctors for proper advice on how to treat it.