Keratosis And Pigmentation In Children

Compared to adult skin, children’s skin is much weaker. Marks on a child’s skin could stay until he turns into an adult. A good example is skin blemishes. Dark spots could appear later in life.
Regarding keratosis and pigmentation, there are risk factors for having them. Melanin and keratin are involved in such skin disorders. Keratosis is the overproduction of keratin (protein component of hair and nails) while pigmentation is the overproduction of melanin (responsible for skin tone). Actually, keratin and melanin play important roles in our body. Defense is their main function, keratin for head and finger protection while melanin protects the skin. Basically, they do no harm, but overproduction of these can cause unsightly skin.
Keratoses are characterized into different categories skinned people are more sensitive to sunlight. Actinic keratosis causes crusty scaly patches to appear on skin, specially those areas that get more sun exposure.
Keratosis Pilaris – Keratosis pilaris appears like goosebumps.   It is a genetic follicular condition. The excess keratin is trapped on skin pores’ hair follicles.
Seborrheic Keratosis – Has the same attributes like actinic keratosis.
The question is how will you protect your children from them? The truth is preventing these kind of skin disorders is almost impossible, but risks can be decreased. Since environmental and genetic factors play a big role on probability of having keratosis, it could be hard to prevent. If keratosis runs in the family, it is most likely to develop in your children. This kind of skin condition has no cure, but it can be treated or diminished. Options consists of surgery or skin creams/serums.
Pigmentation of the skin is not really bad, but hyperpigmentation is. The main setback of over pigmentation is that it causes skin to get uneven color. Extra ultraviolet rays that the skin absorbs are inhibited by melanin. The darker the skin, the more melanin the body produces. If your child has prolonged sun exposure everyday, then the probability of uneven skin tone is great. hiding yourself from too much sunlight with the use of umbrellas is a way to prevent too much sun exposure. Using sunscreen is another way. Uneven skin pigmentation can also be prevented with lotions containing high sun protection factor.
But of course, avoiding too much exposure from the sun is the most efficient way. Exposure to the sun is not at all bad, but it should be put into control.